Nephrology

Nephrology (from Greek nephros “kidney”, combined with the suffix -logy, “the study of”) is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the kidneys: the study of normal kidney function and kidney disease, the preservation of kidney health, and the treatment of kidney disease, from diet and medication to renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation).

Nephrology Department Facilities

The creation of the TELEUSAMED Urological and Kidney Institute reflects the groundbreaking structural changes happening at TeleUSAMed Clinic. In an innovative step toward improved patient care, the Clinic restructured clinical areas around organ and disease systems, rather than individual specialties. This model is unique in U.S. medicine and is the future of healthcare. By aligning physicians with shared expertise in common institutes, we can offer patients the best in clinical care, research, treatment and prevention.

Examination of the urine (urinalysis) allows a direct assessment for possible kidney problems, which may be suggested by appearance of blood in the urine (haematuria), protein in the urine (proteinuria), pus cells in the urine (pyuria) or cancer cells in the urine. A 24-hour urine collection can be used to quantify daily protein loss, urine output, creatinine clearance or electrolyte handling by the renal tubules.

When the kidneys are no longer able to sustain the demands of the body, end-stage kidney failure is said to have occurred. Without renal replacement therapy, death from kidney failure will eventually result. Dialysis is an artificial method of replacing some kidney function to prolong life. Renal transplantation replaces kidney function by inserting into the body a healthier kidney from an organ donor and inducing immunologic tolerance of that organ with immunosuppression. At present, renal transplantation is the most effective treatment for end-stage kidney failure although its worldwide availability is limited by lack of availability of donor organs. Most kidney conditions are chronic conditions and so long term followup with a nephrologist is usually necessary.

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